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The Making of Uneven and Simultaneous Development in the Global South (working title)


Start date: 01.01.2017
Funded by: Universität Augsburg
Local project leader: Sebastian Purwins, M.Sc.

Abstract

Societies in the Global South are simultaneously confronted with various challenges that societies in the Global North faced over a long period of time. From the beginning of the 18th century, the Global North has faced challenges due to industrialization and modernization processes including rapid urbanization, population growth and the need to feed its growing population or to establish infrastructures. Solving these challenges during past centuries has led to a development success that generates new threats and challenges: environmental degradation and climate change – features of Beck’s reflexive modernity. Today, societies in the Global South not only face similar challenges, population growth, malnutrition or lacking infrastructure, but also the consequences of the human-made environmental change and its related risks. Meanwhile although the Global North is responsible for accelerated resource exploitation, environmental degradation and climate change, it is the countries of the Global South that struggle for highly needed improvement of living conditions and prosperous development, and are the countries most affected by these environmental challenges. Conditions are changing faster and problems emerging more simultaneously as a set of challenges than they did in the now so-called developed world. What forces have led to this simultaneous development? What new asymmetries and dependencies emerge? Moreover, what consequences are to be expected? This project brings together approaches such as time-space-telescoping, compressed development and uneven-development with concepts of critical geography and critical political ecology, to create a clear analysis of these circumstances and the causes, which produced them.